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2007 Tuberculosis Policy
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Tuberculosis

Page updated 30 April 2007

Tuberculosis

Key Points

Only 'open' (cavitating) pulmonary tuberculosis is infectious to others

Nurse patients with open tuberculosis in a negative pressure side room

Special masks can be worn in the room of a patient with open tuberculosis

Respiratory care, surgery and autopsy in patients with infectious tuberculosis are risky to the staff performing these procedures (special maks must be worn)

Children and people with HIV are very prone to catching tuberculosis

Staff Protection

 

Notification of New Tuberculosis Cases

 

Patient Procedures

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Tuberculosis in Children, Staff Members and AIDS Patients

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Surgery Considerations

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Masks for the Protection of Staff Against Tuberculosis

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References

Joint Tuberculosis Committee of the British Thoracic Society. Control and prevention of tuberculosis in the United Kingdom: Code of Practice 2000. Thorax 2000;55;887-901.

The Interdepartmental Working Group on Tuberculosis. Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis in the United Kingdom . UK guidance on the prevention and control of transmission of: 1 HIV related Tuberculosis. 2. Drug resistant, including multiple drug resistant tuberculosis. 1998 Department of Health, London .

British Thoracic Society. Chemotherapy and management of tuberculosis in the United Kingdom : Recommendations 1998. Thorax 1998; 53 :536-548.

Drobniewski FA, Magee JG, Smith EG, Williams R. PHLS mycobacteriology reference services in England and Wales . Bur 1997; 7 :R106-9.

The interdepartmental Working Group on Tuberculosis. Guidance on Tuberculosis Control. 1996. Department of Health and Welsh Office, London.

Kritski AL, Marques MJ, Rabahi MF, Vieira MA, Werneck-Barroso E, Carvalho CE, Andrade Gd, Bravo-de-Souza R, Andrade LM, Gontijo PP, Riley LW. Transmission of tuberculosis to close contacts of patients with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. Am Rev Crit Care Med 1996;153:331-335.

Report of the working party on tuberculosis of the London group of Consultants in Communicable Disease Control. J Hosp Infect 1996; 33 :165-179.

Bennett DF, Howitt D, Herbert J. TB, HIV and drug resistance in England and Wales 1993-1995. Tubercle Lung Dis 1996;77:91.

Blumberg HM, Watkins DL, Berschling JD, Antle A, Moore P, White N, Hunter M, Green B, Ray SM, McGowan JE Jr. Preventing the nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis. Ann Intern Med 1995; 122 :658-663.

Centers for Disease Control. Management of persons exposed to multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports 1992; 43 :R11.

Centers for Disease Control. Guidelines for preventing the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in health care settings. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports 1995; 2005 Dec 30;54(17):1-141.

Joint tuberculosis committee of the British Thoracic Society. Control and prevention of tuberculosis in the United Kingdom : code of practice. Thorax 1994; 49 :1193-1200.